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2021成人高考专升本英语阅读理解专项练习四

2021-04-07 10:24 江西成考网
以下是成人高考学士学位英语中重要题型考点,考生们在备考时可以作为专项练习资料,同时还能积累学习一定的单词量。

 People who lived in towns and cities could easily refresh themselves in the hot summers just before the turn of the century. Coca-Cola had been invented in Alaonta the 1980s and it was for sale at thousands of drugstores and candy store soda fountains all over America. But people who lived in the country couldn‘t easily go into town every time they wanted a Coca-cola or flavored soda water. So Joe Tiedemann at Vicksburg, Mississippi, candy store owner, decided soda should be taken out of the cities and into the country, where most Americans lived. He vegan to fill 10 1/2 ounce, wire-stoppered bottles with Coca ?Cola, shipping them by wagon and boat to the small towns along the Mississippi River. His business grew quickly:the bottled coke was so popular that biedenharn was forced to move his bottling plant to a larger building. Luonically, the first bottling operation was viewed as a curiosity by the Coca-Cola company. Biedenharn sent then his first two cases, he was politely thanked and then just as politely ignored.

  1. Why did Joe Biedenharn decide to ship Coca-Cola to the country?

  A. Because there are too many shops selling Coca-Cola.

  B. Because Coca-Cola is overproduced.

  C. Those in the country do not have easy access to the Cola.

  D. Joe Biedenharn wanted to do charity work.

  答案: C

  考点: 该题是细节询问题。

  解析: 本题提问的是Joe Biedenharn 为什么决定把可口可乐运送到乡下。通过文章的前三句我们可以得知,上个世纪之交之前,住在城市里的或者镇子里的人们在炎热的夏天可以喝上一杯可乐来振作精神。发明于19世纪90年代的可口可乐在美国成千上万的杂货店和糖果店都有销售。但是,住在乡下的人们每次想喝可乐或者苏打水的时候,却不是非常容易地就能到城里喝上一杯的。第四句话讲到:因此,Joe Biedenharn决定把可乐带到乡下。这个题的关键词是"so",用它开头,表明上面一句就是它的原因。所以本题答案为C。(在乡下住的人不容易喝到可乐)。

  2. According to the passage, which of the following statements is true?

  A. Coca-Cola was invented in Atlanta in the 1890s.

  B. Joe Biedenharn first shipped his bottled Coca-Cola to Vicksberg Mississippi.

  C. The wire-stoppered bottles didn‘t preserve the Coca-Cola well.

  D. At the time of Joe Biedenharn, Coca-Cola was an international company.

  答案: B

  考点: 该题是判断题,考的是通过对原文事实的理解,判断所给的几个选项哪一个正确。

  解析: 本题提问的是以下哪一个是符合原文的说法。这个问题的答案含于文章第四句和第五句;即Joe Biedenharn最早把把他的瓶装可乐用货车和船只沿着密西西比河运到小镇里。因此,我们可以得知,可口可乐是于19世纪90年代发明于Alaonta的,而不是发明于Atlanta的,所以,选项A不符合原文的内容。选项C(以金属丝作瓶盖的瓶子不能很好保存可乐)并未在原文提起,所以也不能入选。选项D也不正确,因为当时是可口可乐公司成立伊始,在美国的乡下都买不到,更不用说它是一个国际公司了。由此可见,本题答案为B。

  3. Which of the following can we infer from the passage?

  A. The Coca-Cola company stole Joe Biededharn‘s ideas.

  B. Joe Biedenharn finally wint bankrupt because of poor management at his plant.

  C. Joe Biedenharn eventually sold his business.

  D. Joe Biedenharn business was very successful.

 答案: D

  考点: 该题是一个判断分析题,考的是通过对原文细节的掌握,找出哪一个选项可以从原文中推断出来。

  解析: 本题提问的是以下哪一个选项可以在原文中推断出来。由全文的倒数第二句我们可以看出,Joe Biedenharn的生意发展迅速,他的公司也就不得不从瓶装厂移到一座大楼里,由此可见,选项D(Joe Biedenharn的生意非常成功)为本题的正确选项。其他三个选项分别为:A(可口可乐公司偷窃了Joe Biedenharn的生意),B(Joe Biedenharn的厂子终因经营不善而破产)和C(Joe Biedenharn出售了他的商店)。它们既没在原文中提到,又没有隐含在原文中,所以,都不能入选。

  4. Which of the following is similar in meaning to the word “view” in the last sentence?

  A. preview B. review C. seen D. rate

  答案: C

  考点: 该题是一个词汇题,考的是如何通过上下文确定词义。

  解析: 本题提问的是最后一句话中的单词"view"为何意。该词所在句子的意思是:Biedenharn的第一次瓶子作业使可口可乐公司的人对此大为好奇,这真是太具有讽刺意义了。也就是说,可口可乐公司的人用好奇的眼光看待这件事情。所以,选项C最符合上下文,困此是本题答案。

  5. Which of the following is the best title for the passage?

  A. The Coca-Cola Company.

  B. A Coca-Cola Story.

  C. The Invention of coca-Cola.

  D. The Origin of Coca-Cola Company.

  答案: B

  考点: 该题是一个主旨题。

  解析: 本题提问的是本文最恰当的标题是哪一个。回答这个问题,我们需要把握文章的大体内容。该篇文章讲的是,可口可乐公司开始创建时乡下人喝可乐难这个事实引发了Joe Biedenharn的新主意,即把可口可乐公司运到乡下。实践证明,他的这一举动是成功的。这是一个关于可口可乐的故事,所以,最恰当的题目应该是B。

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2021年成人高考考试时间
10月23.24日
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