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2021江西成人高考学士学位英语翻译练习十八

2021-04-02 09:46 江西成考网

以下是成人高考学士学位英语中重要考点题型,考生们在备考时可以作为专项练习资料。
1.In October 1838, I happened to read for amusement Malthus on Population, and being well prepared to appreciate the struggle for existence which everywhere goes on, from long continued observation of the habits of animals and plants, it at once struck me that, under these circumstances, favorable variations would tend to be preserved, and unfavourable ones to be destroyed.

2.Although it has been possible to infer from the goods and services actually produced what manufacturers and servicing trades thought their customers wanted, only a study of relevant personal documents written by actual consumers will provide a precise picture of who wanted what.

3.Economic development depends on the extraction of natural resources and on low-skilled labor, which has resulted in a weak manufacturing base and uneven distribution of wealth. Agriculture still accounts fol the major share of rural household income and employs over 60 percent of Africa' s labor force, particularly women. Low agricultural productivity continues to threaten food security in Africa as a whole. Africa needs a green, clean industrialization that leapfrogs outdated, polluting processes and platforms and benefits from new technologies. Inclusive and sustainable industrialization is a key stepping stone towards sustained economic growth, food security and poverty eradication in Africa.
参考译文:

1.1838年10月,我随便读了《马尔萨散人口论》,很欣赏书的到处都有的生存竞争,经过对动物和植物生存习性的长期观察,我忽然想到这种环境下,有利于生存的变化被保留了,而不利于生存变化被消除了。
2.尽管从生产厂商和服务行业认为他们的顾客需要并实际生产的产品或者提供的服务来推断他是可能的。但只有对实际的消费者填写的个人资料的研究才能清楚地描述顾客的需求。
3.经济的发展往往有赖于自然资源的开采以及低技能劳动力,这就导致制造业基础薄弱和财富分配不均。农业仍是农村家庭的主要收入来源,其占据了非洲60%以上的劳动力,尤其是为妇女劳动力提供了就业。农业生产力低下对整个非洲的粮食安全仍然存在威胁。非洲需要绿色、清洁的工业化,所以要越过造成污染的老式工艺阶段并受益于新技术。对非洲而言,包容性和可持续的工业化是迈向持续经济增长、粮食安全和消除贫穷的一个关键台阶。

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2021年成人高考考试时间
10月23,24日
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