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2021江西成人高考学士学位英语句型练习二十四

2021-03-22 09:38 江西成考网
以下是成人高考学士学位英语中重要句型考点,考生们在备考时可以作为专项练习资料。

1.You should have put the milk in the ice-box; I expect it _____ undrinkable by now.

A. became

B. had become

C. has become

D. becomes

2.After writing poetry unsuccessfully for several years, he was not certain whether to quit or _____ with his art.

A. if he should continue

B. he should continue

C. to be continued

D. to continue

3.The firm will have to step _____ production if it is to defeat its competitors.

A. off

B. in

C. out

D. up

4._____ the financial means to remain independent, Thomas Edison was compelled to seek employment as a night telegraph operator.

A. He was deprived of

B. Deprived of

C. That he was deprived of

D. Although he was deprived of

5.The angry teacher gave the order that nobody _____ the classroom before twelve.

A. would leave

B. left

C. had left

D. leave

6.The purpose of your resume is to _____ enough interest in you to have an employer contact you for an interview.

A. assemble

B. generate

C. yield

D. gather

7.We'd better eliminate junk foods from our kitchen and keep a variety of high-quality foods _____ at all times.

A. available

B. desirable

C. enormous

D. numerous

8.Faced with rapid inflation and _____ international and home markets, many firms have declared bankrupt.

A. lessening

B. shortening

C. shrinking

D. withdrawing

9.Last night he saw two dark _____ enter the building, and then there was the explosion.

A. features

B. figures

C. sketches

D. images

10.It is obvious that this new rule is applicable to everyone without _____.

A. exception

B. exclusion

C. modification

D. substitution

答案及解析:

1.答案为C。与by now, so far, tip to now这样的短语连用时,谓语动词用现在完成时。

2.答案为D项。to continue与to quit并列。

3.答案为D项。step up意为“提高,加快”;step off意为“开步走,步量(距离)”;step in意为“介入,干涉;参加进来(帮忙)”;step out意为“走出去”。

4.答案为B项。过去分词表原因作状语,句意为:失去了保持独立经济来源,爱迪生不得不当夜间电报员。

5.答案为D项。that引导order(命令)的同位语从句,从句用(should)do表示虚拟语气。

6.答案:B

考查动词的语义辨析。各选项的意思分别是:选项A)assemble意为“集合,聚集,召集;装配”,如:The whole school assembled in the main hall.全校学生在大礼堂集合。Before you assemble the model plane, read the instructions.在你组装模型飞机前,先读说明书。选项B)generate意为“生成,产生(光、热、电等);引起(兴趣等)”,如:News of the Queen's visit is generating a lot of excitement.女皇来访的消息使大家感到非常兴奋。选项C)yield意为“生产,产生(利润、回报等);投降,屈服”,如:His business yields big profits.他的生意利润丰厚。选项D)gather意为“聚集,集合;收集,采集”,如:Many people gathered in the town square.很多人聚集在市政广场。该题需注意选项B)和选项C)在搭配上的区别。根据题意,选项B)应为正确答案。全句意思为是“简历就是要充分引起雇主对你的兴趣,并达到进一步联系面试的目的”。

7.答案:A

考查形容词语义环境。四个选项的意思分别是:选项A)available现成可使用的,在手边的,可利用的;选项B)desirable称心如意的,值得有的,如I envy Jane because her job is so desirable.我很羡慕简,因为她有一份很称心的工作。选项C)enormous巨大的,极大的,庞大的;选项D)numerous许多的,很多的,如:This is a conclusion he has drawn from numerous facts.这是他从很多事实当中得出的结论。根据题干可判断出选项A)应为正确答案。全句的意思为“我们应清除厨房里的垃圾食品,而使各种高质量的食物随手可及”。

8.答案:C

考查近义动词的语义辨析。各选项的意思及用法分别是:选项A)lessening减少,减轻,侧重指程度、重要性等的减轻。如:The defeat lessened our chances of winning the championship.此次失败使我们夺冠的希望变得更加渺茫。lessen the burden of减轻负担;选项B)shortening缩短,变短,如The days are beginning to shorten.天开始变短了。shorten the gap between缩小……之间的差距;选项C)shrinking使收缩,缩小,减少,侧重指尺寸、大小等的变小。如:The number of students attending the lecture has shrunk.听讲座的学生人数减少了。Will this soap shrink woolen clothes?这种肥皂会使羊毛衣服缩水吗?选项D) withdrawing收回,撤退,撤销,如:After awhile, he withdrew his proposal.过了一会儿,他撤回了他的提议。根据题意可判断出选项C)应为正确答案。全句意思是“面对通货膨胀和日益缩小的国际国内市场,许多公司都已宜布破产”。

9.答案:B

Feature 表示“特征,特点”;sketch的意思是“素描,梗概,草图”;image表示“形象”;而figure表示“外形,轮廓,体型”,符合上下文。

10.答案:A

Without exception为固定搭配,表示“毫无例外,无一例外”。Exclusion表示“排除,排外”;modification的意思是“更改,修正”;substitution表示“替代”。

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2021年成人高考考试时间
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