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Part Ⅰ Listening Comprehension (20 minutes 20%)
Section A (5%)
Directions: In this section you will hear five incomplete dialogues. They will be spoken only once. After each incomplete dialogue there will be a pause. During the pause you must read the four choices marked A,B,C and D, and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
Section A (5%)
1. A. Finance.
C. Pop music.
2. A. City life is full of excitement.
B. My husband prefers to live in the suburbs.
C. I prefer city life because it is more convenient.
D. We used to live in the suburbs.
3. A. I used to work very late in the evening.
B. I am going on vacation next month.
C. I was very busy with my research project.
D. I am busy with my term paper because the deadline is approaching.
4. A. He is a very responsible man.
B. It is good that he is leaving.
C. He has worked here for just half a year.
D. He has good qualification for the position.
5. A. No, I will see to it.
B. Yes, I will see to it.
C. No, I also want to go now.
D. Yes, I can manage it.
Section B (10%)
6. A. She has recently returned from abroad.
B. She was seeing a customer.
C. She is going to have some custom bags made.
D. She has been learning new customs.
7. A. It is hard to sign up for.
B. There are too many prerequisites.
C. There is little interest in the course.
D. It is too expensive.
8. A. Dave had bad timing.
B. Dave thought he would be slow.
C. Dave needed time to think.
D. Dave started thinking and he decided to leave.
9. A. March will be a tough month.
B. It looks like it will be a good month.
C. Will there be more reports?
D. Who looked up the information for the report?
10. A. She didn't read the end of the book.
B. She doesn't like that kind of book.
C. She prefers shocking materials.
D. She has strict rules about what she likes.
11. A. Almost half the class has arrived.
B. They don't need too many people.
C. It is not that late.
D. The people who have come are all very comfortable.
12. A. There are still a dozen copies of the book.
B. The books are left on the left side of the bookrack.
C. The books are on the left.
D. They don't have the book.
13. A. Because they are alike.
B. Because the man's briefcase has a lock.
C. Because the man's briefcase is smaller.
D. Because she doesn't have one.
14. A. She finished her thesis three weeks ago.
B. She finished her thesis quickly.
C. She can help him in a few weeks.
D. Jennie made her thesis shorter than the man's.
15. A. The man's question is silly.
B. The elevator is going down.
C. The sign says it is going up.
D. The elevator is led by the light.
Section C (5%)
16. A. Mail a package.
B. Mail a letter.
C. Buy some stamps
D. Visit the woman.
17. A. The name of the address.
B. Customs declaration form.
C. Phone number.
D. Return address.
18. A. Taxes which are too many to list.
B. Taxes either to the cities or the states they live in.
C. So many kinds of taxes that they even don't know the names.
D. Several kinds of taxes.
19. A. Collected for social progress.
B. That increases with each passing year.
C. That is collected from those who earn most.
D. That varies according to how much money a person earns.
20. A. Because the list of taxes seems endless.
B. Because they would rather spend their time and energy elsewhere.
C. Because they find their knowledge about taxes is so limited that they are unable to write tax report all by themselves.
D. Because paying experts to prepare their tax report and asking for tax advice have become very popular.
Part ⅡReading Comprehension (30 minutes 30%)
Directions: In this part there are four passages. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to decide on the choice that best answers the question or completes the statement.
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
The making of glass is a very old industry — at least 4,500 years old. Glass has many extraordinary qualities and it is frequently being used in new ways.
One of the most interesting new uses for glass is in telephone communication. Scientists have developed glass fibers as thin as human hair which are designed to carry light signals. When the light reaches the other end, it is first changed into electrical signals, which are in turn converted into sound messages.
Called light-wave communication, the new system was used successfully in an experiment in Chicago in 1977. During the experiment, two glass fibers were able to carry 672 conversations at the same time. The light-wave cable, containing 144 glass fibers, has the capacity to carry 50,000 conversations at the same time.
The light-wave communication system has two important advantages. First, the glass fiber cables are smaller and weigh less than copper cables. Second, they cost less.
Perhaps it can be said that telephone communication has entered the age of light!
21. One of the extraordinary qualities of glass is that it can carry __________.
A. sound signals B. light signals
C. electrical signals D. any signal
22. Before you can hear a message on the telephone using the new system, ________________.
A. electrical signals must first be changed into light signals and then into sound
B. the light signals have to be changed directly into sound messages
C. light must first be changed into electrical signals and then into sound
D. either the light or the electrical signals have to be changed into sound messages
23. Which of the following is not included in the passage?
A. Glass fiber cables are lighter than copper ones.
B. Glass fiber cables are used to carry light waves.
C. Light-wave communication has been for civil use of about 30 years.
D. Glass is a favorable material for telephone communication.
24. From the passage, you can tell that people prefer glass fiber cables to copper cables because ___________.
A. glass fibers are less expensive B. glass fibers deliver messages directly
C. glass fibers are more up to date D. glass fibers are easier to make
25. Which of the following statements best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. Glass is very useful because it has many unusual qualities.
B. Light signals have changed the use of glass in industry.
C. Glass fibers have reduced the cost of telephone communication.
D. The use of glass fibers to carry telephone messages is an interesting new development.
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
In Washington D. C., 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue is a very special address. It is the address of the White House, the home of the president of the United States.
Originally the White House was gray and was called the Presidential Palace. It was built from 1792 to 1800. At this time, the city of Washington itself was being built. It was to be the nation's new capital city. George Washington, the first president, and Pierre Charles L'Enfant, a French engineer, chose the place for the new city. L'Enfant then planned the city. The president's home was an important part of the plan.
A contest was held to pick a design for the president's home. An architect named James Hoban won. He designed a large three-story house of gray stone.
President Washington never lived in the Presidential Palace. The first president to live there was John Adams, the second president of the United States, and his wife. Mrs. Adams did not really like her new house. In her letters, she often complained about the cold. Fifty fireplaces were not enough to keep the house warm'
In 1812 the United States and Britain went to war. In 1814 the British invaded Washington. They burned many buildings, including the Presidential Palace.
After the war James Hoban, the original architect, partially rebuilt the president's home. To cover the marks of the fire, the building was painted white. Before long it became known as the White House.
The White House is one of the most popular tourist attractions in the United States. Every year more than 1. 5 million visitors go through the five rooms that are open to the public.
26. The White House was built in Washington_________.
A. because a French engineer was invited to design it
B. because President George Washington liked to live in it
C. because the British invaders lived in it in 1812—1814
D. because it was to be the nation's capital city
27. The Presidential Palace was________.
A. painted gray and white B. made of gray stone
C. made of white stone D. made very warm in winter
28. The president's home and the city of Washington were _______.
A. built by the American army B. built by the British troops
C. planned by George Washington D. planned by the French
29. The original home of the president needed to be rebuilt_______.
A. because John Adams' wife did not like it
B. because it was cold in winter even with 50 fireplaces
C. because it had burned down during the war
D. because George Washington was not willing to live in it
30. The new presidential home was painted white to__________.
A. cover the marks of fire B. attract tourists from France
C. to please Mrs. John Aadams D. keep it warm in winter
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
Oceanography has been defined as “the application of all sciences to the study of the sea”.
Before the 19th century, scientists with an interest in the sea were few and far between. Certainly Newton considered some theoretical aspects of it in his writings, but he was reluctant to go to sea to further his work.
For most people the sea was remote, and with the exception of early international travelers or others who earned a living from the sea, there was little reason to ask many questions about it, let alone to ask what lay beneath the surface. The first time that the question "What is at the bottom of the ocean?" had to be answered with any commercial consequence was when the laying of a telegraph cable from Europe to America was proposed. The engineers had to know the depth profile (起伏形状) of the route to estimate the length of the cable that had to be manufactured.
It was to Maury of the US Navy that the Atlantic Telegraph Company turned, in 1853, for information on this matter. In the 1840s, Maury had been responsible for encouraging voyages during which soundings (测深) were taken to investigate the depth of the North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Later, some of his findings aroused much popular interest in his book The Physical Geography of the Sea.
The cable was laid, but not until 1866 was the connection made permanent and reliable. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growth, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea.
Within a few years oceanography was under way. In 1872 Thomson led a scientific expedition (考察), which lasted for four years and brought home thousand of samples from the sea. Their classification and analysis occupied scientists for years and led to a five-volume report, the last volume being published in 1985.
31. The proposal to lay a telegraph cable from Europe to America made oceanographic studies take on________.
A. an academic aspect B. a military aspect
C. a business aspect D. an international aspect
32. It was________ that asked Maury for help in oceanographic studies.
A. the American navy
B. some early intercontinental travelers
C. those who earned a living from the sea
D. the company which proposed to lay undersea cable
33. The aim of the voyages Maury was responsible for in the 1840s was______.
A. to make some sounding experiments in the oceans
B. to collect samples of sea plants and animals
C. to estimate the length of cable what was needed
D. to measure the depth of the two oceans
34. “Defied” (Para. 5) probably means __________.
A. doubted B. gave proof to C. challenged D. agreed to
35. This passage is mainly about_________.
A. the beginning of oceanography
B. the laying of the first undersea cable
C. the investigation of ocean depth
D. the early intercontinental communications
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
“. . . We are not about to enter the Information Age but instead rather well into it. Present predictions are that by 1990, about thirty million jobs in the United States, or about thirty percent of the job market, will be computer-related. In 1980, only twenty-one percent of all United States high schools owned one or more computers for students use. In the fall of 1985, a new survey revealed that half of United States secondary schools have fifteen or more computers for student use. And now the educational experts, administrators, and even the general public are demanding that all students become 'computer literate'. By the year 2000, knowledge of computers will be necessary in over eighty percent of all occupations. Soon those people not educated in computer use will be compared to those who are print illiterate today.”
What is "computer literacy"? The term itself seems to imply some extent of "knowing" about computer, but knowing about what. The current opinion seems to be that this should include a general knowledge of what computers are, plus a little of their history and something of how they operate.
Therefore, it is vital that educators everywhere take a careful look not only at what is being done, but also at what should be done in the field of computer education. Today most adults are capable of utilizing a motor vehicle without the slightest knowledge of how the internal-combustion (内燃机) engine works. We effectively use all types of electrical equipment without being able to tell their history or to explain how they work. Business people for years have made good use of typewriters and adding machines, yet few have ever known how to repair them. Why, then, attempt to teach computers by teaching how or why they work?
Rather, we first must concentrate on teaching effective use of the computer as the tool is.
“Knowing how to use a computer is what is going to be important, we don't talk about 'automobile literacy'. We just get in our cars and drive them.”
36. In 1990, the number of jobs having nothing to do with computers in the United States will be reduced to____________.
A. 79 million B. 30 million C. 70million D. 100 million
37. The expression "print illiterate" (Para. 1) refers to__________.
A. one who has never learnt printing
B. one who is not computer literate
C. one who has never learnt to read
D. one who is not able to use typewriters
38. The first paragraph is mainly about____________.
A. recent prediction of computer-related jobs
B. the wide use if computer in schools
C. the urgency of computer education
D. public interest in computers
39. According to the author, the effective way to spread the use of computers is to teach____________.
A. what computers are B. how to use computers
C. where computers can be used D. how computers work
40. Which of the following statement is FALSE?
A. What to teach about computer should be reconsidered.
B. Those who are not educated in computer use will soon find it difficult to get a job.
C. Human society has already entered the Information Age.
D. Those who want to use computers should know how computers operate.
Part Ⅲ Cloze (15 minutes 10%)
Directions: In this part there is a passage with 20 blanks in it. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the one that best fills into the passage and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
A growing world population and the discoveries of science may alter this pattern of ____41____ in the future. As men slowly learn to master diseases, control floods, prevent famines, and stop wars, ____42____ people die every year; and ____43____ the population of the world is ____44____ increasing.
When numbers rise the extra mouths must be ____45____. New lands must be brought under ____46____, or land already farmed made to ____47____ larger crops. In some areas the ____48____ land is largely so ____49____ cultivated that it will be ____50____ to make it provide more food. In some areas the population is so ____51____ that the land is parceled out in units too tiny to allow for much ____52____ in farming methods. ____53____ a lager part of this farming population drown off into industrial occupations, the land might be farmed much more productively by modern methods.
There is now a race for science, technology, and industry to keep the output of food rising ____54____ than the number of people to be fed. New strains of crops are being developed which will thrive in ____55____ climates; there are now farms ____56____ the Arctic Circle in Siberia and North America; dams ____57____ the waters of great rivers to ____58____ water for the fields in all seasons; industrial chemistry provides fertilizers to ____59____ particular soils. Every year some new means is ____60____ to increase or to protect the food of the world.
41. A. contribution B.destruction C. construction D. distribution
42. A. fewer B. much C. many D. little
43. A. first and foremost B. on the contrary
C. in consequence D. to begin with
44. A. variably B. hardly C. steadily D. evenly
45. A. deposited B. fed C. fulfilled D. disposed
46. A. generation B. cultivation C. starvation D. evaluation
47. A. manufacture B. conceive C. generate D. yield
48. A. accessible B. acceptable C. assessable D. achievable
49. A. attentively B. extensively C. intensively D. tentatively
50. A. natural B. easy C. difficult D. inherent
51. A. tense B. strained C. stressed D. dense
52. A. development B. movement C. refinement D. improvement
53. A. Were B. Are C. Is D. Was
54. A. more B. less C. quicker D. slower
55. A. unchangeable B. unfavorable C. unimaginable D. unalienable
56. A. beyond B. except C. besides D. from
57. A. hold off B. hold on C. hold back D. hold to
58. A. affirm B. convince C. secure D. ensure
59. A. suit B. adapt C. correspond D. conform
60. A. calculated B. projected C. devised D. plotted
Part Ⅳ Vocabulary and Structure (15 minutes 15%)
Section A (10%)
Directions: In this section there are 20 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You are required to choose the one that best completes the sentence and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
61. It was a good game, and at the end the ______ was Argentina 3, Germany 2.
A. account B. mark C. score D. record
62. The United States ______ a population of over 200 million.
A. possesses B.contains C. owns D. has
63. Please don’t hesitate to ______ us if additional information is required.
A. connect B. conduct C. confirm D. contact
64. Work on the new theater has been ______ for three months because of financial problems.
A. set off B. set back C. set on D. set about
65. The ______ earthquake left 3,000 homeless.
A. violent B. extensive C.endless D. furious
66. The new laws under that dictator ______ many people of the most elementary freedoms.
A. deprive B. snatch C. depress D. deceive
67. It is quite necessary for a qualified teacher to have good manners and ______ knowledge.
A. extensive B. expansive C. intensive D. expensive
68. Things hardly ______ are longer retained.
A. reached B. achieved C. obtained D. arrived
69. It has been revealed that some government leaders ______ their authority and position to get illegal profits for themselves.
A. employ B. take C. abuse D. overlook
70. In the United States, drivers must not ______ a maximum of 65 miles an hour on a free way.
A. overtake B. pass C. exceed D. suppress
71. You should be able to ______ right from wrong.
A. perceive B. distinguish C. sight D. observe
72. The chief advantage of this new model over the old one is that it is cheaper and more _____.
A. proficient B. sufficient C. efficient D. deficient
73. A large proportion of the country population in China is ______ today as compared with before.
A. literary B. liberal C. literal D. literate
74. I don’t think the rain will ______ our plan for a picnic.
A. impact B. influence C. affect D. effect
75. The minister ______ reports that normalization of diplomatic relations between the two countries might be imminent(危急的).
A. refused B. declined C. rejected D. denied
76. The only ______ to the farmhouse is across the field.
A. access B. method C. step D. means
77. These international events seem likely to ______ , or at least weaken, the trends that emerged in the 1990s.
A. adverse B. converse C. reverse. D. universe
78. She asked that the letter be ______ in order that the contents should remain a secret.
A. eliminated B. ruined C. destroyed D. wiped out
79. Oil was formed from the ______ of plants and animals that lived on earth millions of years ago.
A. ruins B. remains C. fragments D. trifles
80. Luxurious hotels ______ from simple ones in that the prices of the former are much higher.
A. divert B. differ C. change D. alternate
Section B (5%)
Directions: Complete the following sentences with appropriate words or expressions or with the proper forms of the given words in the brackets. Write your answer on the Answer sheet.
81. Let us have a look at your new car, ______ you?
82. Don’t forget to phone me, ______ you?
83. Health is ______ more value than money.
84. It seemed ______ the night would never end.
85. This is the same watch ______ I have lost.
86. By the time this letter reaches you, I ______ the city. (leave)
87. I will phone you as soon as I ______ the news. (get)
88. His health is getting ______ and ______. (well)
89. The question is ______ can operate the new machine.
90. The football team ______ having a bath now. (be)
Part Ⅴ Translation (15 minutes 10%)
Directions: In this part there are five sentences which you should translate into Chinese. These sentences are all taken from the reading passages you have just read in PartⅡ. You can refer back to the passages so as to identify their meanings in the context. You should write your answer on the Answer sheet.
91. When the light reaches the other end, it is first changed into electrical signals, which are in turn converted into sound messages.
92. Originally the White House was gray and was called the Presidential Palace.
93. At the early attempts, the cable failed and when it was taken out for repairs it was found to be covered in living growth, a fact which defied contemporary scientific opinion that there was no life in the deeper parts of the sea.
94. The current opinion seems to be that this should include a general knowledge of what computers are, plus a little of their history and something of how they operate.
95. We effectively use all types of electrical equipment without being able to tell their history or to explain how they work.
Part Ⅵ Writing (25 minutes 15%)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 25 minutes to write a short passage following the guidelines given below:
以《如何应对面试》(How to Behave in an Interview)为题，在25分钟内写作一篇不少于100词的作文。一下单词仅供参考。
Impression, relax, company, dress, education, experience, strong points, apply for, salary, health insurance, opportunity, further education