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2021江西成人高考学士学位英语模拟试题五

2021-03-12 13:52 江西成考网
以下是成人高考学士学位英语模拟试题,考生们在备考改门考试时可以作为备考从此冲刺资料。

2021年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案五

Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and structure (20 points)

21. She was so angry at all _______he was doing _____she walked out without saying a word.

A. that; that B. which; that C. what; as D. that; which

22. Every minute must be made full use of _____our lessons for the collage entrance exam is coming.

A. going over B. to go over C. go over D. our going over

23. In a poor country, owning a bicycle is a sign of ____wealth.

A. compare B. comparative C. comparable D. comparison

24. In on country _____ Britain, it had been said, can one experience four seasons in the course of a single day.

A. better than B. more than C. other than D. rather than

25. How close parents are to their children _____a strong influence on the character of the children.

A. have B. has C. having D. to have

26. Jean doesn’t want to work right away because she thinks that if she _____a job she probably wouldn’t be able to see her friends very often.

A. has to get B. had got C. were to get D. could have got

27. More than one teacher _____told him it is important that be learn English well if he ____ abroad.

A. had; will go B. has; wants to go C. has; went to go D. have; shall go

28. Turn on the television or open a magazine and you _____advertisement showing happy balanced families.

A. are often seeing B. often see C. will often see D. have often seen

29. The store had to _____a number of clerks because sales were down.

A. lay off B. lay out C. lay aside D. lay down

30. We managed to reach the top of the mountain , and half an hour later we began to________.

A. ascend B. descend C. decline D. genuine

31. This is the ________piano on which the composer created some of his greatest works.

A. initial B. original C. real D. genuine

32 where was it ________the road accident happened yesterday?

A. when B. that C. which D. how

33.________you choose ,make sure that it is a good one.

A. what B. wherever C. whichever D. which

34. He suggested the sports meet be _______because of the bad weather.

A. put away B. put up C. put down D. put off

35. I didn’t manage to work out the problem _______the teacher had explained how.

A. until B. unless C. when D. before

36. She is one of those women who always _______the latest fashions.

A. keep up B. catch up C. Keep up with D. come up with

37. I would like to _______my appreciation for your cooperation.

A. express B. receive C. impress D. indicate

38. The young girl is not _______with her present job, and she has decided to find a more challenging one.

A. evident B. interested C. excited D. intentional

40. The woman is always _______the children playing around her house.

A. scorn B. score C. scent D. scold

Part III Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Passage 1

In 1960-1961,Chad(乍得)harvested 9800 tons of cotton seed for the first time in its history, and put out the flag a little too soon. The efforts of the authorities to get the peasants ‘back’ to work, as they had slacked off (松懈) a great deal the previous year during independence celebrations, largely contributed to it. Also, rains were well spaced, and continued through the whole month of October. If the 1961-1962 total is back to the region of 45000tons, it is mostly because efforts slackened again and sowing was started too late.

The average date of sowing is about July 1st. If this date is simply moved up fifteen or twenty days, 30000 to 60000 tons of cotton is gained, depending on the year. The peasant in Chad sows his millet(小米)first ,and it is hard to criticize this instinctive priority given to his ‘daily bread’. An essential reason for his lateness with sowing cotton is that at the time when he should leave to prepare the fields he has just barely sold the cotton is that at the time when he should leave to prepare the fields he has just barely sold the cotton of the previous season. The work required to sow, in great heat, is psychologically far more difficult if one’s pockets are full of money .The date of cotton sales should therefore be moved forward as much as possible, and purchases of equipment and draught animals encouraged.

Peasants should also be encouraged to save money, to help them through the difficult period between harvests. If necessary they should be forced to do so ,by having the payments for cotton given to them in installments(分期付款).The last payment would be made after proof that the peasant has planted before the deadline ,the date being advanced to the end of June .Those who have done so would receive extra money whereas the last planters would not receive their last payment until later.

Only the first steps are hard, because once work has started the peasants continue willingly on their way .Educational campaigns among the peasants will play an essential role in this basic advance. Each peasant will remain master of his fields. One could, however, suggest the need for the time being of kind but firm rule, which, as long as it cannot be realized ‘by the people’, should at least be ‘for the people’.

41. In 1960-1961, Chad had a good harvest of cotton because_________.

A .the government greatly encouraged peasants

B. rains favored the growth of cotton

C. Chad gained independence in the previous year

D. both A and B

42. We learn from the passage that date of sowing cotton is usually_________.

A. on June 15th

B. on July 15th

C. on July 1st

D. on July 20th

43. As used in the third sentence of the second paragraph ,“daily bread” refers to________.

A. breakfast B. bread and butter C. rice D. millet

44. In order to help them through difficult time between harvests the peasants have to_________.

A. sell cotton in advance B. be encouraged to save money

C. sow cotton in time D. plant millet first

45. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Educational campaigns are very important to early sowing.

B. Of all the advances that the writer hopes for, early sowing is the most important.

C. Peasants should remain the masters of their fields.

D. Government might as well make good and firm rule for peasants.

Passage 2

Dream is a story that a person watches or even takes part in during sleep. Dream events are imaginary, but they are related to experiences and needs in the dreamer’s life. They seem real while they are taking place. Some dreams are pleasant, others are annoying, and still others are frightening.

Everyone dreams, but some persons never recall dreaming. Others remember only a little about a dream they had just before awakening and nothing about earlier dreams. No one recalls all his dreams.

Dreams involve little logical thought. In most dreams, the dreamer cannot control what happens to him. The story may be confusing, and things happen that would not happen in real life.

People see in most dreams, but they may also hear, smell, touch, and taste in their dreams. Most dreams occur in color. But persons who have been blind since do not see at all in dreams.

Dreams are a product of the sleeper’s mind. They include events and feelings that he has experienced. Most dreams are related to events of the day before the dream and strong wishes of the dreamer. Many minor incidents of the hours before sleep appear in dreams. Few events more than two days old turn up. Deep wishes or fears—especially those held since childhood---often appear in dreams, and many dreams fulfill such wishes. Events in the sleeper’s surrounding---a loud noise, for example, may become part of a dream, but they do not cause dreams.

Some dreams involve deep feelings that a person may not realize he has. Psychiatrists (精神病医生) often use material from a patient’s dreams to help the person understand himself better.

Dreaming may help maintain good learning ability, memory, and emotional adjustment. People who get plenty of sleep---but are awakened each time they begin to dream---become anxious and restless.

46. This passage is mainly about _________.

A. why we dream during sleep B. how we dream during sleep

C. what dreams are D. what benefits dreams bring to people

47. According to the passage, dreams result from __________.

A. the sleeper’s wishes B. the sleeper’s imagination

C. the sleeper’s feeling D. the sleeper’s own mind

48. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Dream is a confusing story which involves little logic thought.

B. Dream is related to the dreamer’s real life.

C. Dream is an imaginary story which seems real which taking place.

C. Dream involves events that always happen in real life.

49. This passage suggests that psychiatrists are __________.

A. trying to help the dreamer recall his earlier dreams

B. trying to make the sleeper dream logically

C. studying the benefits of dreams

D. helping the sleeper fulfill his dreams

50. We may infer from the passage that dreaming __________.

A. is beneficial to people B. disturbs people’s life

C. makes people always restless D. deprives people of good sleep

Passage 3

According to psychologists (心理学家), an emotion is aroused when a man or animal views something as either bad or good. When a person feels like running away from something he thinks will hurt him, we call this emotion fear. If the person wants to remove the danger by attacking it, we call the emotion anger. The emotions of joy and love are aroused when we think something can help us. An emotion does not have to be created by something in the outside world. It can be created by a person’s thoughts.

Everyone has emotions. Many psychologists believe that infants are born without emotions. They believe children learn emotions just as they learn to read write. A growing child not only learns his emotions but learns how to act in certain situations because of an emotion.

Psychologists think that there are two types of emotion: positive and negative. Positive emotions include love, liking, joy, delight and hope. They are aroused by something that appeals to a person. Negative emotions make a person unhappy or dissatisfied. They include anger, fear, despair sadness, and disgust. In growing—up, a person learns to cope with the negative emotions in order to be happy.

Emotions may be weak or strong. Some strong emotions are so unpleasant that a person will try any means to escape from them. In order to feel happy, the person may choose unusual ways to avoid the emotion.

Strong emotions can make it hard to think and to solve problems. They may prevent a person from learning or paying attention to what he is doing. For example, a student taking an examination may be so worried about failing that he cannot think properly. The worry drains valuable mental energy he needs for the examination.

51. We learn from the passage that an emotion is created by something _________.

A. one thinks bad or good

B. one feels in danger

C. one faces in the outside world

D. one tries to escape from real life

52. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Children learn emotions as they grow up.

B. Babies are born with emotions.

C. Emotions fall into two types in general.

D. People can cope with the negative emotions in life.

53. The author’s purpose of writing this passage is to __________.

A. explain why people have emotions

B. show how people avoid the negative emotions

C. explain what people should do before emotions

D. define and classify people’s emotions

54. We can safely conclude that a student may fail in an exam if ________.

A. he can not think properly

B. he pay much attention to it

C. he is worried about failing

D. he is not full of energy

55. As used in the last sentence, the word “drains ” means __________.

A. stops B. ties C. weakens D. flows gradually

Passage 4

Faces, like fingerprints, are unique, Did you ever wonder how it is possible for us to recognize people? Even a skilled writer probably could not describe all the features that make one face different from another. Yet a very young child or even an animal, such as a pigeon can learn to recognize faces. We all take this ability for granted.

We also tell people apart by how they behave. When we talk about someone’s personality, we mean the ways in which he or she acts, speaks, thinks and feels that make that individual different from others.

Like the human face, human personality is very complex. But describing someone’s personality in words is somewhat easier than describing his face. If you were asked to describe what a nice face looked like, you probably would have a difficult time doing so. But if you were asked to describe a nice person, you might begin to think about someone who was kind, considerate, friendly, warm and forth.

There are many words to describe how a person thinks, feels and acts. Gordon all ports, an American psychologist, found nearly 18,000 English words characterizing differences in people’s behavior. And many of us use this information as a basis for describing, or typing, his personality. Bookworms, conservatives, military types-people are described with such terms.

People have always tried to type each other. Actors in early Greek drama wore masks to show the audience whether they played the villain’s (坏人) or the hero’s role. In fact, the words person and personality come from the Latin persona, meaning mask. Today, most television and movie actors do not wear masks. But we can easily tell the good guys from the bad guys because the two types differ in appearance as well as in actions.

56. The main idea of this passage is ________.

A. how to distinguish people’s faces

B. how to describe people’s personality

C. how to distinguish people both inward and outward

D. how to differ good persons from bad persons

57. The author is most probably a __________.

A. behaviorist B. psychologist C. writer D. sociologist

58. Which of the following is NOT true?

A. Different people may have different personalities.

B. People differ from each in appearance.

C. People can learn to recognize faces.

D. People can describe all the features of others.

59. We learn from the passage that people classify a person into certain type according to ________.

A. a person’s face is more complex than his personality

B. a person’s personality is easily distinguished

C. people’s personalities are very alike

D. many words are available when people try to describe one’s personality

60. We learn form the passage that people classify a person into certain type according to ________.

A. his way of acting and thinking

B. his way of speaking and behaving

C. his learning and behavior

D. his physical appearance and his personality

Part Ⅳ Cloze (10 points)

Most people think of sharks (鲨鱼) as huge, powerful, frightening predators (掠夺性的食肉动物), ready at any moment to use their sharp teeth to attack swimmers. There are a lot of ___61___ about sharks.

First, there are about 350 species of shark, and ____62____ of them are large, They range in __63__ from the dwarf shark, which can be only six inches long and can be held in the hand, __64__ the whale shark, which can be more than 5 feet long.

The second misunderstanding of shark concerns its terrible teeth whose ___65___ and type can vary greatly among the ___66___ species of shark. A shark can have from one to seven sets of teeth at the same time, and some types of shark can have several hundred teeth in each jaw. It is true that the cruel and predatory species do have extremely ___67 ___ teeth used to tear and cut their victim apart, many other types of shark, however, have teeth more suitable to holding than to cutting.

___68___, not all sharks are predatory animals ready to strike out at humans. In fact, only 12 of the 350 species of shark have been know to attack humans, and a shark ___69___ attacks humans unless is made angry. The types of shark that have the worst ___70___ with humans are the tiger shark, the bull shark, and the great white shark. However, for most species of shark, even some of the largest types, there are no known instances of attacks on humans.

61. A. wrong ideas B. interesting information C. stories D. description

62. A. none B. all C. not all D. few

63. A. size B. weight C. danger D. difference

64. A. and B. but C. to D. while

65. A. shape B. color C. form D. number

66. A. same B. other C. huge D. different

67. A. hard B. strong C. sharp D. marvelous

68. A. Thirdly B. Finally C. Unfortunately D. Usually

69. A. needs to B. may C. can D. seldom

70. A. accident B. record C. action D. damage

Part Ⅴ Translation (15 points)

Two friends were traveling together through a forest. One of them said: “If we meet any wild beasts, I’ll help you and you’ll help me.” “That’s fine,” said his friend, and they walked on.

71) Suddenly a big bear ran out from behind a tree. The man who said he would help his friend at once got up a tree and hid himself among the leaves. The other man could not climb trees. 72) So he threw himself on the ground, closed his eyes and pretended to be dead. 73) The bear came up and sniffed at the man’s head. It put its nose close to his mouth and ears. 74) The man held his breath. The bear thought he was dead and walk away, for bears never touch dead men.

When the bear was gone, and all was safe, the man in the tree came down. With a smile, he asked his friend: “What did the bear tell you when he put his nose so close to your ears?”

“Well,” said his friend, “the bear said: 75) ‘Don’t trust those who leave their friends the moment they get into difficulty!’ ”

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