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2021江西成人高考学士学位英语模拟试题三

2021-03-12 13:49 江西成考网
以下是成人高考学士学位英语模拟试题,考生们在备考改门考试时可以作为备考从此冲刺资料。

2021年上半年学位英语考试模拟试题及答案三

Part Ⅱ Vocabulary and Structure (20 points)

21. ________ from the tenth floor when the policeman pointed his pistol at him.

A. Jumped down the burglar B. Down the burglar jumped

C. The burglar jumps down D. Down jumped the burglar

22. We arrived at the station ________ late, or we ________ the bus.

A. too much; would catch B. a little too; had caught

C. much too; would have caught D. too much; would have caught

23. Is it the watch you want ________?

A. to have it repaired B. to repair it

C. to have repaired D. to have repaired it

24. The two thieves fled the town separately, ________ a bag.

A. each carrying B. each carried C. who carry D. that carries

25. The little boy can’t tell ________.

A. whose is that watch B. whose that watch is

C. whose watch is that D. whose watch is

26. If baby bird stays _______ for two or three weeks after leaving the nest, it has a fair chance of becoming an adult.

A. living B. lively C. alive D. live

27. We will not attack ________ we are attacked; if attacked, we will certainly counter-attack.

A. if B. when C. unless D. even if

28. You can take ________seat you like.

A. no matter what B. no matter which C. what D. whichever

29. I ________ to speak to you all these day.

A. wanted B. have wanted C. shall want D. shall be wanting

30. It is __________ that one makes no decision until the time is ripe.

A. advisory B. advisable C. advice D. advise

31. There are many ________ difficulties to overcome to complete the work.

A. practice B. practical C. practiced D. practicable

32. Every change of weather, indeed every hour of the day, ________ some change in the magical hues and shapes of these mountains.

A. produce B. produces C. had produced D. have produced

33. Through long power lines electricity goes ________.

A. to the place needed B. there it is needed

C. where it is needed D. which it is needed

34. ________ had we reached the station than the train left.

A. When B. No sooner C. Until D. While

35. It is reported that by the end of this month output of cement in the factory ________by about 10%.

A. will have risen B. has risen C. will be rising D. has been rising

36. We were lost at sea, at the ________ of wind and weather.

A. service B. expense C. cost D. mercy

37. It is the business of the police to prevent and detect crime and of the law courts to punish.

A. crime B. sin C. offence D. fault

38. Princess Diana always wears beautiful ________.

A. clothing B. cloth C. dress D. clothes

39. The club was organized on a voluntary ________.

A. base B. basis C. foundation D. reason

40. He settled down at his desk to work out the exact ________.

A. figures B. numbers C. fatigue D. calculation

Part Ⅲ Reading Comprehension (40 points)

Passage 1

Most young people enjoy some form of physical activity. It may be walking, cycling or swimming, or in winter, skating or skiing. It may be of some kind football, hockey (曲棍球), golf, of tennis, it may be mountaineering.

Those who have a passion for climbing high and difficult mountains are often looked upon with astonishment. Why are men and women willing to suffer cold and hardship, and to take risks on high mountains? This astonishment is caused probably by the difference between mountaineering and other forms of activity to which men give their leisure.

Mountaineering is a sport and not a game. There are no man-made rules, as there’re for such games as golf and football. There are, of course, rules of a different kind which it would be dangerous to ignore, but it is this freedom from man-made rules that makes mountaineering attractive to many people. Those who climb mountains are free to use their own methods. If we compare mountaineering and other more familiar sports, we might think, that one big difference is that mountaineering is not a ‘team game’. We should be mistaken in this. There are, it is true, no ‘matches’ between ‘teams’ of climbers, but when climbers are on a rock face linked by a rope on which their lives may depend, there is obviously teamwork.

The mountain climber knows that he may have to fight forces that are stronger and more powerful than man. He has to fight the forces of nature. His sport requires high mental and physical qualities.

A mountain climber continues to improve in skill year after year. A skier is probably past his best by the age f thirty, and most international tennis champions are in their early twenties. But it is no unusual for a man of fifty or sixty to climb the highest mountains in the Alps. They may take more time than younger men, but they probably climb with more skill and less waste of effort, and they certainly experience equal enjoyment.

41. Mountaineering is a sport which involves ________.

A. hardship B. cold C. physical risk D. all of the above

42. The main difference between a sport and a game lies in ________.

A. uniform B. activity C. rules D. skills

43. Mountaineering is also a team sport because ________.

A. it involves rules

B. it involves matches between teams

C. it requires mental and physical qualities

D. mountaineers depend on each other while climbing

44. Which of the following is true?

A. Mountaineers compete against each other.

B. Mountaineers compete against other teams.

C. Mountaineers compete against nature.

D. Mountaineers compete against international standard.

45. What is the best title for the passage?

A. Mountaineering.

B. Mountain Climbers.

C. Mountaineering Is Different from Golf and Football.

D. Mountaineering Is More Dangerous Than Other Sports.

Passage 2

There is a popular belief among parents that schools are no longer interested in spelling. No school I have taught in has ever ignored spelling or considered it unimportant as a basis skill. There are, however, vastly different ideas about how to teach it, or how much priority (优先) it must be given over general language development and writing ability. The problem is, how to encourage a child to express himself freely and confidently in writing without holding him back with the complexities of spelling?

If spelling become the only focal point of his teacher’s interest, clearly a bright child will be likely to play safe. He will tend to write to write only words within his spelling range, choosing to avoid adventurous language. That’s why teachers often encourage the early use of dictionaries and pay attention to content rather than technical ability.

I was once shocked to read on the bottom of a sensitive piece of writing about a personal experience: This work is terrible! There are far too many spelling errors and technical abilities in writing, but it was also a sad reflection on the teacher who had feelings. The teacher was not wrong to draw attention to the errors, but if his priorities had centered on the child’s ideas, an expression of his disappointment with the presentation would have given the pupil more motivation (动力) to seek improvement.

46. Teachers are different in their opinions about ________.

A. the necessity of teaching spelling

B. the role of spelling in general language development

C. the way of teaching spelling

D. the complexities of the basic writing skills

47. As used in the second paragraph, the expression “play safe” most probably means _______.

A. to spell correctly B. to write smoothly

C. to avoid using words one is not sure of D. to use dictionaries frequently

48. Teachers encourage the students to use dictionaries so that ________.

A. students will be able to write more freely

B. students will be more skillful in writing

C. students will be more confident in writing

D. students will be independent enough

49. The author’s tone is ________.

A. ironic B. practical C. satirical D. critical

50. This passage mainly discusses ________.

A. the necessity of spelling

B. the role of developing writing skills

C. the complexities of spelling

D. the relationship between spelling and the content of writing

Passage 3

We can make mistakes at any age. Some mistakes we make are about money. But most mistakes ate about people. Did Jerry really care when I broke up with Helen? When I got that great job, did Jim really feel good about it, as a friend? Or did he envy my luck? And Paul why didn’t pick up that he was friendly just because I had a car? When we look back, doubts like these can make us feel bad. But when we look back, It’s too late.

Why do we go wrong about our friends or our enemies? Sometimes what people say hides their real meaning. And if we don’t really listen we miss the feeling behind the words. Suppose someone tells you, “You’re a lucky dog.” That’s being friendly. But “lucky dog”? There’s a bit of envy in those words. Maybe he doesn’t see it himself. But bringing in the “dog” bit puts you down a little. What he may be saying is that he doesn’t see it himself. But bringing in the “dog” bit puts you down a little. What he may be saying is that he doesn’t think you deserve your luck.

“Just think of all the things you have to be thankful for” is another noise that says one thing and means another. It could mean that the speaker is trying to get you to see your problem as part of your life as a whole. Wrapped up in this phrase is the thought that your problem isn’t important. It’s telling you to think of all the starving people in the world when you haven’t got a date for Saturday night.

How can you tell the real meaning behind someone’s words? One way is to take a good look at the person talking. Do his words fit the way he looks? Does what he says agree with the tone of voice? His posture (姿态)? The look in his eyes? Stop and think. The minute you spend thinking about the real meaning of what people to you may save another mistake.

51. This passage is mainly about ________.

A. how to interpret what people say

B. what to do when you listen to others talking

C. how to avoid mistakes when you communicate with people

D. Why we go wrong with people sometimes

52. According to the author, the reason why we go wrong about our friends is that ________.

A. We fail to listen carefully when they talk

B. People tend to be annoyed when we check what they say

C. People usually state one thing but means another

D. We tend to doubt what our friends say

53. In the sentence “Maybe he doesn’t see it himself” of the second paragraph, the pronoun “it” refers to ________.

A. being friendly B. a bit of envy C. lucky dog D. your luck

54. When we listen to a person talking, the most important thing for us to do is ________.

A. notice the way the person is talking

B. take a good look at the person talking

C. mind his tone, his posture and the look in his eyes

D. examine the real meaning of what he says based on his manner, his tone and his posture

55. The author most probably is a ________.

A. teacher B. psychologist C. philosopher D. doctor

Passage 4

A moment’s drilling by the dentist may make us nervous and upset. Many of us cannot stand pain. To avoid the pain of a drilling that may last perhaps a minute or two, we demand the “needle”---a shot of Novocain (奴佛卡因)---that deadens the nerves around the tooth.

Now it’s true that the human body has developed its millions of nerves to be highly aware of what goes on both inside and outside of it. This helps us adjust to the world. Without our nerves and our brain, which is a bundle of nerves, we wouldn’t know what’s happening. But we pay for our sensitivity. We can feel pain when the slightest thing is wrong with any part of our body. The history of torture is based on the human body being open to pain.

But there is a way to handle pain. Look at the Indian fakir (行僧) who sits on a bed of nails. Fakirs can put a needle right through an arm, and feel no pain. This ability that some humans have developed to handle pain should give us ideas about how the mind can deal with pain.

The big thing in withstanding pain is our attitude toward it. If the dentist says, “This will hurt a little,” it helps us to accept the pain. By staying relaxed, and by treating the pain as an interesting sensation (感觉), we can handle the pain without falling apart. After all, although pain is an unpleasant sensation, it is still a sensation, and sensations are the stuff of life.

56. The passage is mainly about ________.

A. how to suffer pain B. how to avoid pain

C. how to handle pain D. how to stop pain

57. The sentence “But we pay for our sensitivity.” In the second paragraph implies that ________.

A. we should pay a debt for our feeling

B. we have to be hurt when we feel something

C. our pain is worth feeling

D. when we feel pain, we are suffering it

58. When the author mentions the Indian fakir, he suggests that ________.

A. Indians are not at all afraid of pain

B. people may be senseless of pain

C. some people are able to handle pain

D. fakirs have magic to put needles right through their arms

59. The most important thing to handle pain is _______.

A. how we look at pain

B. to feel pain as much as possible

C. to show an interest in pain

D. to accept the pain reluctantly

60. The author’s attitude towards pain is ________.

A. pessimistic B. optimistic C. radical (极端的) D. practical

Part Ⅳ Cloze (10 points)

One winter day , when snow covered, my father went walking with me. Seeing a large tree some distance ahead, he said to me: “I’ll ___61____ you to the tree, but this is not a race to see who will ___62___ the tree first. It is a race to see who can make the straightest path in the snow.” This ___63__ me. I knew that my father, with his long legs, could ___64___me. I made up my mind that I would be very careful. I placed in front of the other, looking at my feet all the time I was doing it. When I got to the tree, my father was already there. I had expected this, but something that I did not expect had __65__ happened. My father had made the straightest path to the tree!

Now What was the trick? My father knows that the __66__ way to walk in a straight line is not by looking at one’s feet, but by keeping one’s eyes on the goal (目标). This __67__ gave my father an opportunity (机会) to teach me a lesson. It is not only __68__ to make a straight path in the snow, but also how to keep a straight path in life. He said to me? “It is even better to know where you are going. You must __69__ once in a while. However, __70__ you should look straight ahead.”

61. A. race B. send C. allow D. follow

62. A. climb up B. get to C. find out D. knock at

63. A. disappointed B. interested C. surprised D. frightened

64. A. beat B. help C. lead D. force

65. A. even B. also C. hardly D. nearly

66. A. wrong B. only C. best D. usual

67. A. time B. knowledge C. experience D. day

68. A. why B. when C. what D. how

69. A. look back B. look down C. stop D. wait

70. A. rarely B. sometimes C. all the time D. most of the time

Part Ⅴ Translation (15 points)

Today we began harvesting. 71) We got up at daybreak, and after an early breakfast we started off for the rice fields. We got there after half an hour’s walk.

The fields around us looked like a golden sea. 72) I have never seen anything so beautiful! We worked side by side with the commune members. At first some of us were rather slow. The peasants showed us how to cut the rice and how to tie the bundles. 73) Soon we learned to work faster.

We worked in three groups. “Faster, faster! We mustn’t fall behind the others!” That was the thought in everybody’s mind.

Evening came before we realized it. We put down our sickles and looked at each other. 74) Our clothes were wet with sweat. On every facet here was a smile

We harvested thirty mu altogether. 75) That was not bad for the first day . But tomorrow we shall certainly do better-much better.

Part Ⅵ Writing (15 points)

Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: How I Finance My College Education. You should write about 120 words and you should base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below and write it on the Answer Sheet Two.

1. 上大学的费用 (tuition and fees) 可以通过多种途径解决

2. 哪种途径适合你(说明理由)

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2021年成人高考考试时间
10月23.24日
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